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Posts Tagged ‘catalyst

Origin Of Oxygen In Earth’s Atmosphere

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By H2 & The Muse, from our upcoming book, “Fuel From Heaven: The Solution To Pollution”

Have you ever wondered how the oxygen we breath became a part of the air we breath? Every time we hear scientists try to explain how oxygen became 21% of Earth’s atmosphere they say that blue green algae turned carbon dioxide in the air into oxygen as part of the photosynthesis process of life.

While on a walk in the Colorado mountains on March 8, 2016, a contrary thought came to mind about the origins of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere. In a previous blog from October of 2012, I explained an original thought that I had Summer 2005, about how water came from within the Earth instead of from comets bombarding the Earth. Here is a brief review… The solar wind is rich in hydrogen gas. The hydrogen gas absorbed and adsorbed into the molten salts and metals within the early Earth. This hydrogen was gradually released from within the Earth, as it cooled the first one to three billion years after it was originally formed. When the hydrogen escaped from within the Earth, it reacted with metal oxides and salts in the Earth’s crust releasing the oxygen from their molecular bonds. Oxygen combined with the hydrogen molecules to form water (H2O)!

Approximately 46% of the Earth’s crust is oxygen. Most of the oxygen in the Earth’s crust is bound to other elements like silicone, aluminum, magnesium, iron, nickel, titanium, etc.. Now here is where we differ from conventional thinking! Instead of blue green algae and other plants turning the CO2 in the early Earth’s atmosphere, into most all of the oxygen present today… It was hydrogen that leached the oxygen from rocks within the Earth’s crust to form water which eventually filled the oceans.

Hydrogen disassociates from water at high temperatures (2000+ F). Back when the Earth had very little atmosphere, water vapor reacted with lava, and water separated into hydrogen and oxygen.  Massive volcanos and exposed magma turned vast amounts of water vapor from within the Earth into trillions and trillions of tons of oxygen. Oxygen is heavy enough that it stays close to the Earth’s surface, becoming part of Earth’s atmosphere. Hydrogen being the lightest element, was not heavy enough to stay on Earth and was released to space. Therefore, we (H2 & The Muse) believe that HYDROGEN, which we call “FUEL FROM HEAVEN”, is the major reason that there is oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere, compared to the amount of oxygen that the little blue green algae contributed to Earth’s atmosphere by working overtime to rid the Earth of CO2.

According to Encyclopedia Britannic, “The total mass of Earth’s atmosphere is about 5.5 quadrillion tons, or roughly one millionth of Earth’s mass.”

( http://blogs.britannica.com/2012/01/how-much-does-earth-atmosphere-weigh/)

According to NASA, “Earth’s atmosphere is composed of air. Air is a mixture of gases, 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen with traces of water vapor, carbon dioxide, argon, and various other components.”

( https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/airplane/airprop.html )

According to the Smithsonian Institute, “Earth’s early atmosphere contained only small amounts of free oxygen, probably produced entirely by the reaction of sunlight with water vapor from volcanoes. The oxygen-rich atmosphere that evolved later, and upon which oxygen-breathing life now depends, was a result of the origin of photosynthesis. During the Precambrian, vast numbers of single-celled algae and cyanobacteria living in the seas eventually released enough oxygen to transform the environment. The oldest evidence of cyanobacteria dates to 2.7 billion years ago, although oxygen did not begin to build up in the environment until about 2.3 billion years ago.

( http://paleobiology.si.edu/geotime/main/htmlversion/proterozoic4.html )

 

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Written by AndrewJohnHeath

March 10, 2016 at 6:22 am

Water from the Sun!

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Solar Wind Made Water In Earth!
By Andrew John Heath
Tucson, Arizona, USA
October 15, 2012

In addition to water coming to Earth by comets, water mainly came from inside our own planet. Early Earth was a molten sphere of metals that have an affinity for hydrogen. Hydrogen from the solar wind impregnated our planet while it was hot and had little atmosphere. As Earth cooled the molten metals became solid oar. Solid metal oar released its hydrogen. Hydrogen then reacted with oxygen trapped in metal oxide within rock and water was formed. Oxides are elements like Aluminum or Silicon that have one or more oxygen atoms attached to them. (AlOx, SiOx, etc.) Oxides are the catalyst for making water from hydrogen gas because oxygen is leached from metal and other types of oxides, as it comes in contact with them, to make H2O. Therefore, most of the water on Earth today came from inside our planet long ago, thanks to the Sun and its hydrogen rich solar wind.

Newly formed water vapor escaped from inside the Earth and interacted with other gases in our early atmosphere. Volcanoes spewed dust particles into early Earth’s atmosphere providing a nucleus for rain droplets to form. This began the cycle of water circulating between the Earth’s surface and sky. Rain falling to the planet and evaporating accelerated the cooling of Earth’s crust. This slowed down the exchange of hydrogen inside the Earth with oxygen trapped in rock. Today the water cycle on Earth is a balanced cycle.

Scientists know that at the core of the Earth is a solid Nickel-Iron core. Nickel-Iron is one of the alloys that effectively stores hydrogen. Nickel that absorbs hydrogen becomes what is called Nickel Hydride (used in today’s rechargeable batteries.) Hydride is any metal that absorbs hydrogen. When metals absorb hydrogen the metal heats up caused by an exothermic reaction. When metal hydrides release hydrogen they cool down caused by an endothermic reaction. At a certain time in our planets history the core, mantel and surface stabilized its exchange of hydrogen within Earth. Now water recycles itself and contributes to maintaining Earth’s stable atmosphere.

The recent events of finding high concentrations of hydrogen around the craters on the south pole of the Moon, observing higher-than-expected hydrogen in and on planetoids, and yesterdays release in LA Times that moon rocks created water on the Moon by interacting with the hydrogen ions contained within the Solar Wind, helps prove the original idea I had one rainy summers day, 2005 in Florida. My original thought in 2005 was that Earth is a big hydrogen storage tank and water was created here, within the Earth itself…. and that Icy Comets in space are not necessarily frozen oceans of exploded planets but water production sites in space! Signed, Andrew John Heath

Written by AndrewJohnHeath

October 15, 2012 at 11:28 pm