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Origin Of Oxygen In Earth’s Atmosphere

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By H2 & The Muse, from our upcoming book, “Fuel From Heaven: The Solution To Pollution”

Have you ever wondered how the oxygen we breath became a part of the air we breath? Every time we hear scientists try to explain how oxygen became 21% of Earth’s atmosphere they say that blue green algae turned carbon dioxide in the air into oxygen as part of the photosynthesis process of life.

While on a walk in the Colorado mountains on March 8, 2016, a contrary thought came to mind about the origins of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere. In a previous blog from October of 2012, I explained an original thought that I had Summer 2005, about how water came from within the Earth instead of from comets bombarding the Earth. Here is a brief review… The solar wind is rich in hydrogen gas. The hydrogen gas absorbed and adsorbed into the molten salts and metals within the early Earth. This hydrogen was gradually released from within the Earth, as it cooled the first one to three billion years after it was originally formed. When the hydrogen escaped from within the Earth, it reacted with metal oxides and salts in the Earth’s crust releasing the oxygen from their molecular bonds. Oxygen combined with the hydrogen molecules to form water (H2O)!

Approximately 46% of the Earth’s crust is oxygen. Most of the oxygen in the Earth’s crust is bound to other elements like silicone, aluminum, magnesium, iron, nickel, titanium, etc.. Now here is where we differ from conventional thinking! Instead of blue green algae and other plants turning the CO2 in the early Earth’s atmosphere, into most all of the oxygen present today… It was hydrogen that leached the oxygen from rocks within the Earth’s crust to form water which eventually filled the oceans.

Hydrogen disassociates from water at high temperatures (2000+ F). Back when the Earth had very little atmosphere, water vapor reacted with lava, and water separated into hydrogen and oxygen.  Massive volcanos and exposed magma turned vast amounts of water vapor from within the Earth into trillions and trillions of tons of oxygen. Oxygen is heavy enough that it stays close to the Earth’s surface, becoming part of Earth’s atmosphere. Hydrogen being the lightest element, was not heavy enough to stay on Earth and was released to space. Therefore, we (H2 & The Muse) believe that HYDROGEN, which we call “FUEL FROM HEAVEN”, is the major reason that there is oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere, compared to the amount of oxygen that the little blue green algae contributed to Earth’s atmosphere by working overtime to rid the Earth of CO2.

According to Encyclopedia Britannic, “The total mass of Earth’s atmosphere is about 5.5 quadrillion tons, or roughly one millionth of Earth’s mass.”

( http://blogs.britannica.com/2012/01/how-much-does-earth-atmosphere-weigh/)

According to NASA, “Earth’s atmosphere is composed of air. Air is a mixture of gases, 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen with traces of water vapor, carbon dioxide, argon, and various other components.”

( https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/k-12/airplane/airprop.html )

According to the Smithsonian Institute, “Earth’s early atmosphere contained only small amounts of free oxygen, probably produced entirely by the reaction of sunlight with water vapor from volcanoes. The oxygen-rich atmosphere that evolved later, and upon which oxygen-breathing life now depends, was a result of the origin of photosynthesis. During the Precambrian, vast numbers of single-celled algae and cyanobacteria living in the seas eventually released enough oxygen to transform the environment. The oldest evidence of cyanobacteria dates to 2.7 billion years ago, although oxygen did not begin to build up in the environment until about 2.3 billion years ago.

( http://paleobiology.si.edu/geotime/main/htmlversion/proterozoic4.html )

 

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Written by AndrewJohnHeath

March 10, 2016 at 6:22 am

Tidal Pools of Life in the Solar Sea

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Tidal Pools of Life in the Solar Sea
By Andrew John Heath
October 17, 2012

Hydrogen atoms appear as the Big Bang expands.
Unseen forces concentrate clouds of hydrogen gas.
Adam fuses and Light is born on the Eve of Time.
Stars grow & burst forth scattering matter.
Matter freezes and becomes hard as rock.
New rocks catch the solar fire and planets become impregnated with the building-blocks of life.
Planets, comets, asteroids and moons catch and release the Sun’s plasma ejected by magnetic solar storms, sailing upon the solar wind.
Focus in on the Earth through the lens of concentration.
Continental drift stirs life in the womb of our Mother.
Water is created in rock where hydrogen and oxygen mix.
As the waters rise amino acids form with the elements of Earth’s crust, giving birth to living bacteria deep within Gaia.
These Divine microorganisms make all life better evolving and sustaining multi-cell well-beings.
The gift from our Creator is the journey to remembering the source from which we came.
Treasure becoming conscious of our consciousness, continual improvement is an internal and eternal process.
Give thanks for our ability to animate life and matter throughout & within an ever expanding & contracting Universe.
Wake up from the Spell of Materialism, because you are more than you ever imagined. Cast away the doubt of your magnificence. Transmute the fear of your future into the gift of the present. All is sacred, all is well!
Enjoy the Bliss of the Eternal Now! Gratitude and service to others is the key to abundance.

Written by AndrewJohnHeath

October 18, 2012 at 4:19 am

Water from the Sun!

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Solar Wind Made Water In Earth!
By Andrew John Heath
Tucson, Arizona, USA
October 15, 2012

In addition to water coming to Earth by comets, water mainly came from inside our own planet. Early Earth was a molten sphere of metals that have an affinity for hydrogen. Hydrogen from the solar wind impregnated our planet while it was hot and had little atmosphere. As Earth cooled the molten metals became solid oar. Solid metal oar released its hydrogen. Hydrogen then reacted with oxygen trapped in metal oxide within rock and water was formed. Oxides are elements like Aluminum or Silicon that have one or more oxygen atoms attached to them. (AlOx, SiOx, etc.) Oxides are the catalyst for making water from hydrogen gas because oxygen is leached from metal and other types of oxides, as it comes in contact with them, to make H2O. Therefore, most of the water on Earth today came from inside our planet long ago, thanks to the Sun and its hydrogen rich solar wind.

Newly formed water vapor escaped from inside the Earth and interacted with other gases in our early atmosphere. Volcanoes spewed dust particles into early Earth’s atmosphere providing a nucleus for rain droplets to form. This began the cycle of water circulating between the Earth’s surface and sky. Rain falling to the planet and evaporating accelerated the cooling of Earth’s crust. This slowed down the exchange of hydrogen inside the Earth with oxygen trapped in rock. Today the water cycle on Earth is a balanced cycle.

Scientists know that at the core of the Earth is a solid Nickel-Iron core. Nickel-Iron is one of the alloys that effectively stores hydrogen. Nickel that absorbs hydrogen becomes what is called Nickel Hydride (used in today’s rechargeable batteries.) Hydride is any metal that absorbs hydrogen. When metals absorb hydrogen the metal heats up caused by an exothermic reaction. When metal hydrides release hydrogen they cool down caused by an endothermic reaction. At a certain time in our planets history the core, mantel and surface stabilized its exchange of hydrogen within Earth. Now water recycles itself and contributes to maintaining Earth’s stable atmosphere.

The recent events of finding high concentrations of hydrogen around the craters on the south pole of the Moon, observing higher-than-expected hydrogen in and on planetoids, and yesterdays release in LA Times that moon rocks created water on the Moon by interacting with the hydrogen ions contained within the Solar Wind, helps prove the original idea I had one rainy summers day, 2005 in Florida. My original thought in 2005 was that Earth is a big hydrogen storage tank and water was created here, within the Earth itself…. and that Icy Comets in space are not necessarily frozen oceans of exploded planets but water production sites in space! Signed, Andrew John Heath

Written by AndrewJohnHeath

October 15, 2012 at 11:28 pm

Andrew John Heath

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The White House 2006

ANDREW JOHN HEATH – President

American Solar Hydrogen, Inc

Education:

Ithaca High School, Ithaca, New York

Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York; Bachelor of Science – Industrial Distribution / Engineering Management

Crested Butte Professional Ski Patrol School; Crested Butte Mountain Resort, Mt. Crested Butte, Colorado. 6 years continued education

Emergency Medical Training EMT- Basic; Crested Butte Fire Protection District, Crested Butte, Colorado. 12 years continued education.

Wild Fire Behavior and Suppression – Colorado State Forest Service, Gunnison, Colorado; 2 years continued education

2nd, 3rd, 4th, 17th, 18th, 19th, and 21st, National Hydrogen Association Conferences; Washington, District of Columbia

10th World Hydrogen Energy Conference; International Association of Hydrogen Energy, Coco Beach, Florida

16th Fuel Cell Conference; Fuel Cell Seminars and Exposition, Honolulu, Hawaii

15th International Solar Energy Conference, International Solar Energy Association, San Diego, California.

2005 National Hurricane Conference, Federal Emergency Management Administration, FEMA; Orlando, Florida

2005 Florida Registered Contractors Exam – State Licensed Roofing Contractor

2006 International Codes and Standards Exam – State of Mississippi Licensed Contractor

Mega Speaking and Mega Book Marketing – Mark Victor Hansen, Los Angeles, California

Book Expo America 2006, 2007; Washington, DC and New York City, New York

Guerilla Business School; Peak Potentials, LLC, Vancouver, Canada

Mastery Training Internet and Real Estate– Enlightened Wealth Institute, Salt Lake City, Utah.

National Grants – Grant Writing and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) 2009 training, Tucson, Arizona.

Idea Funding 2010; at University of Arizona

Arizona Center for Innovation – University of Arizona Technology Incubator – Mentored Launch program fall 2010.

Innovation Days 2011; at University of Arizona

2011 Department of Energy and SBIR – Web Seminar Series

Contributions to Hydrogen:

  • 1990 wrote letter to every state Senator and the President of United States of America instead of war, continue military sanctions on Iraq and make a Global switch to Hydrogen Fuel so Iraq would have no market to sell oil, therefore becoming unable to buy weapons. Senator Harkin of Iowa return letter stated, “Andrew, if the whole world thought the way you did it would be a much safer and saner place.”
  • Take Pride in America Event 1991; Department of Interior Homecoming Event – Tacoma State Park, Ormond Beach, Florida. Hydrogen Demonstration Video (Dawn of the Hydrogen Age) and Television powered by solar generator. (Photovoltaic and Battery System)
  • 1992 Intern – America Hydrogen Association, Tempe, Arizona. Demonstrated hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) in a 1978 Datsun pickup, donated by Dr. Zweig, at several events in Phoenix, Arizona 1992.
  • Desert Forum 1992 – Earth Day, Phoenix, Arizona. Introduced and discussed Benefits of Hydrogen Fuel with Dennis Weaver who created the Hydrogen Drive 2000 from California to Washington, DC. Mr. Weaver led a convoy of 27 hydrogen vehicles traveling cross-country from LA to DC.
  • Member – Florida Hydrogen Partnership meetings 1991, 1998, 2003-2005
  • WOODSTOCK 1994 – Fuel Cell & Metal Hydride Storage Demonstration – Powered 12 volt Car Stereo and Speakers with 12 volt Hydrogen/Oxygen Fuel Cell. Hydrogen safely stored at 200 psi in metal hydride pressure vessel from Ergenics.
  • Demonstrated hydrogen fueled Briggs and Stratton 5hp Motor to Crested Butte Municipal District Maintenance Department.
  • One World Festival 1994 Snowmass, Colorado. Hydrogen Fuel Barbeque Demonstration. Cooked Veggie Burgers on grill with no carbon residue or Carbon Dioxide (CO2).
  • One World Festival 1995 Angel Fire, New Mexico. Hydrogen Fuel Barbeque Demonstration. Cooked Veggie Burgers on grill with no carbon residue or CO2.
  • One World Festival 1996 Crested Butte, Colorado. Hydrogen Fuel Barbeque Demonstration. Cooked Elk Burgers on grill with no carbon residue or CO2.
  • 1997 Proposed Town of Crested Butte in its Waste Water Treatment Plant improvements, include, an Anaerobic Digester upstream of the Aerobic Digester being constructed. The Anaerobic Digester is for Bio-gas production. Then, supplement Bio-gas with solar generated hydrogen fuel using photovoltaic cells and electrolysers. (Methane and Hydrogen mix fuel for improved performance in high-altitude buses and Town fleet vehicles.)
  • 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011 Ride and Drives, National Hydrogen Association – Volunteer (Fuel Cell and ICE’s vehicles and buses from major manufactures GM, Ford, Honda, Toyota, BMW, Mercedes, Nissan, Mazda, Volkswagen, Hyundai, Kia, Rouch, Quantum and others.)

Other:

  • May 3rd, 2010 submitted solution to Gulf of Mexico, Deep Horizon catastrophe to British Petroleum (BP) and United States National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration. Solution included using cryogenic liquids to freeze failed well-head while adding wood-fiber to form a cement-like ice called Pycrete. This ice-plug would stop leak (gusher) until relief well could be drilled. Surface cleanup of oil with feathers and human hair scooped up and put into plasma gasifiers on barges to create hydrogen fuel. Use the hydrogen fuel for ship fleet cleanup of massive oil spill in Gulf of Mexico. The only byproduct of process is CO2 and clean water.
  • April 8th, 2011 submitted solution to The White House and Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) for extinguishing, cooling, containment and cleanup of Fukushima Diiachi Nuclear Power Plant. Extinguish fires with silica nitrate and boron mixture dropped from 747 Forest Fire Jet. Then remove radioactive water into electrolyzers and plasma gasifiers splitting toxic water into hydrogen and oxygen. Now use hydrogen and oxygen to create onsite electricity for emergency power at failed Nuclear Power Plant. Water created in fuel cells can then be used for continual cooling of reactors and spent fuel-rods. The rest of the containment and cleanup solution is proprietary and discussed upon further NDA arrangements between parties.
  • Earth Day 2011 developed plan for candidate with Sierra Club – Together Green Project. CLEAR OCEANS PROJECT is a solution to cleanup of plastic in ocean gyres.

American Solar Hydrogen, Inc.:

Arizona Corporation

Incorporated January 2009, Tucson, Arizona.

2009, 2010, 2011 Saguaro Member – CLEAN CITIES – Tucson, AZ

Arizona Center for Innovation – University of Arizona Technology Incubator – Mentored Launch program fall 2010.

DUNS #

CCR # – United States Certified Contractors Registry

Considering SBIR funding and Letters of Support from Prime Contractors

Currently, exchanging Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDA’s) with technology transfer departments of several universities and corporations for purchase of licensing agreements and product development of innovative clean-energy solutions.

Written by AndrewJohnHeath

July 5, 2011 at 6:42 pm